Yesterday we learnt about three different sentence structures: simple, compound, and complex. A simple sentence consists of a single independent clause, with a subject and one verb, such as “I am Jack.” The subject of a clause is the thing that is doing something, in this case “Jack.” The rest of the clause is the predicate, here “I am”, which contains the verb.
A compound sentence consists of two or more main clauses joined with a connective, or conjunction. An example of this is “I am Jack and I live in Bishopston.” The conjunction used here is “and”.
The third type of sentence – the complex sentence – joins a main clause to a subordinate clause with a conjunction. A subordinate clause is one that does not make sense without the relevant main clause. The sentence “I live in Bishopston where I went to school” is complex, with “I live in Bishopston” as the main clause and “I went to school” as the subordinate clause, following the conjunction “where”.